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Auksjon #1 (900 MHz)

Auksjonen av frekvensar i 900 MHz-bandet til GSM i oktober 2001 var den første reelle auksjonen som vart gjennomført i Noreg. Informasjon om auksjonen vart berre publisert på engelsk.

Date of auction

31. October 2001. This was the first proper spectrum auction in Norway. Arguably, earlier allocation procedures could be characterized as auctions with a mix of payment in cash and "in kind" (i.e. coverage obligations).

Spectrum

The frequency pair 880-894.4 / 925-939.4 MHz was divided into 6 abstract lots comprising 11 GSM channels (2.2 MHz duplex bandwidth each). The 880-890/925-935 MHz band is sometimes referred to as the "GSM extension band" (E-GSM) while the higher part of the spectrum is referred to as the "primary GSM band" (P-GSM). The lots are described as "abstract" because bids for lots with a specified (defined) spectral position were not accepted. The licences cover terrestrial services on Norwegian territory with the exception of Svalbard, Jan Mayen Island and Norwegian dependencies. In addition, with regards to the E-GSM channels, an area around Tromsø (52 000 inhabitants) was "notched out" to protect the EISCAT radar outside Tromsø.

Auction format

The auction format can be described as a single round, sealed bid discriminatory price combinatorial auction of abstract spectrum blocks. (See auction rules below).

Annual spectrum fees / Reservation price

The annual spectrum fees are NOK 200 000 per duplex GSM channel (2 * 200 kHz bandwidth). Apart from that, there was no reservation price.

Spectrum cap

A spectrum cap prevented the existing GSM operators (deemed to have significant market power at the time) from buying more than two lots each, effectively reserving two lots (22 GSM channels) for new entrants.

Bids received

The NPT received four bids. Two of the winning bids (NetCom as and BaneTele AS) were bids for combinations of two blocks, while Telenor bid for two individual blocks. 

TABLE: SPECTRUM PRICES

Three bidders won two adjacent licenses each, effectively resulting in giving each bidder access to 23 usable GSM channels (4.6 MHz duplex bandwidth). 

Bidder

 Present discounted value**  (in year of assignment)

 

  Annual fee*

 Lump sum*

 11% discount rate

 3,5% discount rate

 BaneTele AS

 NOK 4 600 000

 NOK 100 000

 NOK 34 564 838

 NOK 49 151 338

 NetCom AS

 NOK 4 600 000

 NOK     5 050

 NOK 34 469 888

 NOK 49 056 388

 Telenor Mobil AS

 NOK 4 600 000

 NOK 11 400 000

 NOK 45 864 838

 NOK 60 451 338

* Paid for two lots
** The sum of the lump sum payment and the present value (2001) of the future payments of annual charges. The two different rates represent assumed industry and government discount rates.